Dry versus Dehydrate Skin







At Face to Face I like to look at all aspects of skin health to help you achieve the skin confidence you deserve!


If you are from New Plymouth you will know all too well the varying climate we have here.  Being so close to the mountain and the ocean, our skin is subject to harsh cold winds and lots of sunshine and salt air.   Its not a bad combination at all really, especially when you’re an active, outdoors person like myself,  except when your skin starts telling you otherwise.


So what is the difference between dry and dehydrated skin?  Did you know that one is lacking in oil and one is lacking in water!  to find out more read on.


Dry skin is charactised as skin that is lacking in oil and our skins own natural moisturising factor (NMF).  Some common symptoms would be flaky, cracked skin, tightness and a dull complexion.  This can be a hereditary skin condition or triggered by external factors like weather, stress, some medications, deficiencies in our diet (more on this in another post) and worsened by some cosmetics.  This skin type needs oil to help keep it waterproof and elastic.

Our skins natural moisturising factor (NMF) acts as a protective barrier that helps the skin retain water and protects it from environmental damage.  Dry skin types require an emollient (to deeply hydrate) and/or an occlusive (to act as a barrier to prevent further water loss).

Dehydrated skin on the other hand is characterised as skin that is lacking in water.  Some common signs and symptoms include fine lines and wrinkles, feeling tight, and is sensitive to a lot of products.   This can be caused by things like the weather, aging, deficiencies in our diet, or an impaired skin barrier from over exfoliation and harsh skin care products.  Dehydrated skin types require a humectant (to bind and hold water) and an occlusive (to help seal the water in and slow down water loss).   Some fantastic humectants are sodium PCA, hyalauronic acid and some alpha hydroxy acids.


Dry and Dehydrated skin types require deep nourishment and protection to be restored.


For both of these skin types some daily tips can include

CLEANSING - Use a gentle non foaming cleanser.  Two great options are the Cosmedix Purity clean oil cleanser and Benefit Clean, both designed to remove makeup and dirt without stripping the skin of its natural oils.  You can also keep cleansing to the evening only, use tepid-cool water and avoid using microfiber cloths as these can remove too much of your skins natural oils making it more prone to dehydration.  While microfibre cloths are marketed as a fantastic natural alternative, I feel they are only good to use for oily skin types as they remove too much of the skins natural oils.

Incorporating TONERS AND HYDRATING ESSENCES with humectants are a great option as they can be easily added in without adding a heavy feeling to your skincare routine.  Hydrating essences and toners also help with the absorption of other products applied afterwards.  I liken this to a sponge, if you apply products to a dry sponge they sit on top, but if you apply products to a wet sponge they absorb a lot easier.  So spray away people!!!

The Cosmedix Benefit balance hydrating mist is an antioxidant rich, hydrating blend of humectants, AHAs and occlusives, making it an all round superhero.

Also try using a hydrating MASK 3 x a week to help improve hydration and barrier function like the Cosmedix Restore moisture rich mask to provide gentle exfoliation with papaya enzymes, deep hydration with sodium hyaluronate (a humectant and hyaluronic acids sister) and intense moisturisation with mango seed butter to help restore the protective outer layer of skin.  Did I mention is smells A   MAZE   ING !!!




I hope that helps give you some more insight into to the differences between dry and dehydrated skin.

 If you would like further information on this topic book in for a free no obligation skin consultation to find out the perfect regimen for you!



Your Skin Rejuvenation Specialist